The Great Britain, who once colonized most of the world and a leading member of the European Union, wanted to be separated from the European Union. The UK parliament and the general public were split in two parts due to separation from the European Union. The European Parliament is also unable to make a decision on the issue of Brexit. Let’s breakdown Brexit and current issue on what’s causing a stalemate.
What is Brexit?
Brexit directly means the exit of the British from the European Union. Whether or not Great Britain will be in the European Union, is a situation of confusion in the whole world. Now the UK parliament is currently deciding whether it wants to live in the European Union or not.
How did the European Union start?
Five years after the end of World War II, France and Germany came up with a plan to ensure that the two countries would not go to war against each other. As a result, six nations signed a deal in the year 1950. Seven years later, a treaty was signed in Rome resulting in the formation of the European Economic Community (EEC).
The current form of EEC is the European Union. Britain was one of the three new members to join in the early part of the year 1973. Currently, there are 28 members in the EU and their total population is close to 500 million.
Which countries are included in the EU?
The European Union has expanded rapidly from six members to 28 countries. Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Luxembourg and the Netherlands had initially signed the EEC in the year 1957. UK, Ireland and Denmark joined this group in the year 1973. Greece and Portugal joined later on in the year 1981. Spain joined just five years later. East Germany joined after the union and in 1995 Austria, Finland and Sweden became part of the European Union. The biggest boost was in 2004 when 10 new member countries joined it. Romania and Bulgaria joined in 2007 and Croatia was the latest nation to join it in 2013.
How does the EU work?
There are four major institutions that work together to run the European Union, the European Commission, the European Parliament, the Council of the European Union and the Court of Justice.
The Brexit Referendum
The date of Brexit was fixed on March 29, 2019, and in the United Kingdom, a referendum was held in 2016 in which the majority of the people voted in favor of separating from the EU. After the results of the referendum on Brexit, David Cameron resigned.
Then, under the leadership of the Conservative Party’s leader Theresa May, a new government was formed. The Brexit proposal has been rejected for the third time in a row. The situation now is that if a consensus is not reached in the parliament till April 12, 2019, then the UK will be automatically expelled from the European Union.
Why does Britain want to be different from the European Union?
The following six major points are the most popular reasons on why people voted for Brexit, these reasons are just compilation of public reasonings compiled from various studies and polls and not factual reasoning:
- The main problem of the EU for the Conservative Party is with the Free Labor Movement wherein a person of any country in EU can work in any country within the EU.
- People from Eastern European countries connected to the Union can also come to any member country. Britain didn’t want that.
- The government of the European Union is not formed by a public election, which is against the democratic pillar on which Britain was built on.
- Apart from this, there is a need to pay the union every year to remain a member. The UK had to pay more into the EU budget than it gets back. In 2017 the UK government paid £13 billion to the EU budget, and EU spending on the UK was forecast to be £4 billion.
- The law of the European Union is becoming very complicated and spiraled out of control with almost 7,000 rules and regulations.
- Apart from this, large immigrant migration was taking place from Syria, Iraq, Greece already is facing the problem of mass immigration.
What’s the current stalemate
Prime Minister Theresa May herself has sent a letter to the EU proposing an extension of the Brexit deadline by 30 June. This means that Britain would have to attend the European elections in May. Britain must notify the EU ahead of the Brexit special summit on Wednesday of how it intends to leave the EU. At present, the conservative prime minister’s government and the Labor opposition are negotiating a compromise.
Meanwhile, French Finance Minister Bruno Le Maire has demanded a conclusive statement from the British government justifying a postponement of the Brexit deadline. “If we do not know the reason why Great Britain wants an extension, we can not give a positive response,” said Le Maire in front of a meeting of euro finance ministers in Bucharest. Presidential committees say that France considers it premature to grant Britain another Brexit extension.